Oxyzone Therapy


Enter the world of your very own encyclopedia on Ozone. We know all the basics like that this gas protects us from the harmful cosmic rays by its unique layer formation above the stratosphere, we are scared when we find that there are holes formed in the layer. FDA (USA) recognizes Ozone as Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS). In 1896, Nikola Tesla patented the first ozone generator in the United States. Ozone combined with negative ions (Bio-Oxygen) at the right concentration in air has been proven to be the strongest disinfectant in Mother Earth. Physicians advise that a measured dosage of ozone is necessary for inhaling continuously, as we drink polluted air as much as 15000 litres per day while we drink only 2 litres of water in the same time.


Ozone (O3)is an allotrope of oxygen (O2) and available in nature in gaseous form. It has three atoms of oxygen in its molecule. Because of this third oxygen it shows distinctly different properties that come to our benefit.


Ozone being a natural unstable product, Ozone produced on site automatically gets converted to natural oxygen only after its small life period without leaving any toxic by-products. Being the strongest oxidant & disinfectant gifted by Mother Nature, the magic of this natural element is that it is also the most effective deodorizer on our planet. The secret of its versatile functionalities is quite simple - its extra oxygen atom oxidizes the hydro-carbons / R-H radicals by breaking their chemical bonds in a natural process, hence nullifying their properties & destroying the bacterial cells & odour creating compounds. On the top of these, they virtually increase the oxygen percentage in closed atmosphere where oxygen level is bound to decrease for continuous respiration by the inmates. That helps bringing in better productivity and quality of work and life.


Typical O3 half-life vs. Temperature

Property Ozone Oxygen
O3 O2
48 32
Color Light blue Colorless
Smell Clothes after being
outside on clothesline
Photocopy machines
Smell after
lightning storms
Solubility in
Water (0°C)
0.64 0.049
Density (g/l) 2.144 1.429
Potential, V
2.07 1.23
Temp (°C) half-life *
-50 3 Months
-35 18 Days
-25 8 Days
20 3 Days
120 1.5 Hours
250 1.5 Seconds
Dissolved in Water (pH 7)
Temp (°C) half-life *
250 8 minutes
15 30-minutes
20 30 minutes
25 20 minutes
30 15 minutes
35 12 minutes

* These values are based on thermal decomposition only. No wall effects, humidity, organic loading or other catalytic effects are considered.

Ozone Solubility

The solubility of ozone depends on the water temperature and the ozone concentration in the gas phase:  Units in mg/l or ppm.

O3 GAS 5o C 10o C 15o C 20o C
1.5% 11.09 9.75 8.40 6.43
2% 14.79 13.00 11.19 8.57
3% 22.18 19.50 16.79 12.86


Past developments in ozone applicationA Dutch chemist called Van Marum was probably the first person to detect ozone gas sensorially. In the description of his experiments, he mentioned the notion of a characteristic smell around his electrifier. However, the discovery of ozone was only just mentioned by name decennia later, in a writing of Schönbein that dates back to 1840. This discovery was presented to the University of München. Schönbein had noticed the same characteristc smell during his experiments, that Van Marum had tried to identify earlier. He called this gas 'ozone', which is distracted from ozein; the Greek word for scent. Generally, the discovery of ozone is ascribed to Schönbein. Moreover, Schönbein is mentioned as the first person to research the reaction mechanisms of ozone and organic matter.After 1840, many studies on the disinfection mechanism of ozone followed. The first ozone generator was manufactured in Berlin by Von Siemens. This manufacturer also wrote a book about ozone application in water. This caused a number of pilot projects to take place, during which the disinfection mechanism of ozone was researched. The French chemist Marius Paul Otto (figure 1) received a doctorate at the French University, for his essay on ozone. He was the first person to start a specialized company for the manufacture of ozone installations: 'Compagnie des Eaux et de l’Ozone'.

Marius Paul Otto
Marius Paul Otto

The first technical-scale application of ozone took place in Oudshoorn, Netherlands, in 1893. This ozone installation was thouroughly studied by French sientists, and another unit was installed in Nice after that (in 1906). Since than, ozone was applied in Nice continuously, causing Nice to be called the 'place of birth of ozone for drinking water treatment'.

In the years prior to World War I, there was an increase in the use of ozone installations in various countries. Around 1916, 49 ozone installations were in use throughout Europe (26 of which were located in France). However, this increase faltered soon afterwards. This was consequential to research of toxic gases, which evidently lead to the development of chlorine. This disinfectant appeared to be a suitable alternative to ozone, as it did not have the shortcomings in management, such as low applicative guarantee and low yield of ozone generation. Ozone production did not reach its prior level until after World War II. In 1940, the number of ozone installations that were in use worldwide had only grown to 119. In 1977 this number, had increased to 1043 ozone installations. More than half of the installations were located in France. Around 1985, the number of applied ozone installations was estimated >2000.

Today, chlorine is still preferred over ozone for water disinfection. However, the last decennia the application of ozone applications did start to increase again. This was caused by the discovery of trihalomethanes (THM) as a harmful disinfection byproduct of chlorine disinfection, in 1973. Consequentially, scientists started looking for alternative disinfectants. Another problem was an increase in disturbing, difficultly removable organic micropollutants in surface waters. These compounds appeared to be oxidized by ozone faster than by chlorine and chlorine compounds. Furthermore, ozone turned out to deactivate even those microorganisms that develop resistance to disinfectants, such as Cryptosporidium. Finally, there has been a progress in the abolishment of shortcomings in ozone management.


Reduces airborne & surface bacteria by more than 99% (Refer to our Test Reports) 3,157 times stronger disinfectant than Chlorine 160 times more bactericidal than Sulphur Dioxide 37 times more bactericidal than formaldehyde 1.7 times more bactericidal than Hydrocyanic Acid More than 5.5 times stronger oxidant than pure oxygen

Interesting facts of Ozone

Reduces airborne & surface bacteria by more than 99%
3,157 times stronger disinfectant than Chlorine
160 times more bactericidal than Sulphur Dioxide
37 times more bactericidal than formaldehyde
1.7 times more bactericidal than Hydrocyanic Acid
More than 5.5 times stronger oxidant than pure oxygen


  • a b Rubin, Mordecai B. (2001). "The History of Ozone. The Schönbein Period, 1839–1868" (PDF). Bull. Hist. Chem. 26 (1). Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  • "Today in Science History". Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • Jacques-Louis Soret (1865). "Recherches sur la densité de l'ozone". Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences 61: 941.
  • "Ozone FAQ". Global Change Master Directory. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • "Oxygen". WebElements. Retrieved 2006-09-23.
  • a b c d e Nicole Folchetti, ed (2003). "22". Chemistry: The Central Science (9th ed.). Pearson Education. pp. 882–883. ISBN 0-13-066997-0.
  • Takehiko Tanaka; Yonezo Morino. Coriolis interaction and anharmonic potential function of ozone from the microwave spectra in the excited vibrational states Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 1970, 33, 538–551.
  • Kenneth M. Mack; J. S. Muenter. Stark and Zeeman properties of ozone from molecular beam spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics 1977, 66, 5278–5283. doi:10.1063/1.433909
  • Earth Science FAQ: Where can I find information about the ozone hole and ozone depletion? Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, March 2008.
  • Koike, K; Nifuku, M; Izumi, K; Nakamura, S; Fujiwara, S; Horiguchi, S (2005). "Explosion properties of highly concentrated ozone gas". Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 18: 465. doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2005.07.020.
  • a b Horvath M., Bilitzky L., Huttner J. (1985). Ozone. pp. 44–49.
  • Housecroft, C and Sharpe, A. G. (2005). Inorganic Chemistry. Harlow: Prentice Hall. p. 439. ISBN 0130399132.
  • Horvath M., Bilitzky L., Huttner J. (1985). Ozone. pp. 259, 269–270.
  • a b WHO-Europe reports: Health Aspects of Air Pollution (2003) (PDF)
  • Stevenson et al. (2006). "Multimodel ensemble simulations of present-day and near-future tropospheric ozone". American Geophysical Union. Retrieved 2006-09-16.
  • "Rising Ozone Levels Pose Challenge to U.S. Soybean Production, Scientists Say". NASA Earth Observatory. 2003-07-31. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • a b Mutters, Randall (March 1999). "Statewide Potential Crop Yield Losses From Ozone Exposure". California Air Resources Board. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • "Tropospheric Ozone in EU - The consolidated report". European Environmental Agency. 1998. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • "Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases". Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • "Climate Change 2001". Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2001. Retrieved 2006-09-12.
  • Jeannie Allen (2003-08-22). "Watching Our Ozone Weather". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  • Answer to follow-up questions from CAFE (2004) (PDF)
  • Anderson, W.; G.J. Prescott, S. Packham, J. Mullins, M. Brookes, and A. Seaton (2001). "Asthma admissions and thunderstorms: a study of pollen, fungal spores, rainfall, and ozone". QJM: an International Journal of Medicine (Oxford Journals) 94 (8): 429–433. doi:10.1093/qjmed/94.8.429. PMID 11493720.
  • a b Weinhold B (2008). "Ozone nation: EPA standard panned by the people". Environ. Health Perspect. 116 (7): A302–A305. PMID 18629332.
  • "Smog - Who does it hurt? What You Need to Know About Ozone and Your Health". AIRNow.gov. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  • Ashfield District Council: Monitored Air Pollutants, downloaded February 2, 2007
  • University of East Anglia press release, Cloning the smell of the seaside, February 2, 2007
  • Jerrett, Michael; Burnett, Richard T. and Pope, C. Arden, III and Ito, Kazuhiko and Thurston, George and Krewski, Daniel and Shi, Yuanli and Calle, Eugenia and Thun, Michael (March 12, 2009). "Long-Term Ozone Exposure and Mortality". N. Engl. J. Med. 360 (11): 1085–1095. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0803894. PMID 19279340.
  • Wilson, Elizabeth K. (March 16, 2009). "Ozone's Health Impact". Chemical & Engineering News (American Chemical Society Publications) 87 (11): 9.
  • Hoffmann, Roald (January 2004). "The Story of O". American Scientist 92 (1): 23. doi:10.1511/2004.1.23. Retrieved 2006-10-11.
  • Smith, LL (2004). "Oxygen, oxysterols, ouabain, and ozone: a cautionary tale". Free radical biology & medicine 37 (3): 318–24. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.04.024.
  • Paul Wentworth; Nieva, J; Takeuchi, C; Galve, R; Wentworth, AD; Dilley, RB; Delaria, GA; Saven, A et al. (2003). "Evidence for Ozone Formation in Human Atherosclerotic Arteries". Science 302 (5647): 1053. doi:10.1126/science.1089525. PMID 14605372.
  • Iglesias, Domingo J.; Ángeles Calatayuda, Eva Barrenob, Eduardo Primo-Milloa and Manuel Talon (2006). "Responses of citrus plants to ozone: leaf biochemistry, antioxidant mechanisms and lipid peroxidation". Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 44 (2-3): 125–131. doi:10.1016/j.plaphy.2006.03.007. PMID 16644230.
  • 2-Health Effects of Ozone, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
  • Documentation for Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH): NIOSH Chemical Listing and Documentation of Revised IDLH Values (as of 3/1/95)
  • Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 3, p.673 (1955); Vol. 26, p.63 (1946). (Article)
  • Dohan, J. M.; W. J. Masschelein (1987). "Photochemical Generation of Ozone: Present State-of-the-Art". Ozone Sci. Eng. 9: 315–334.
  • "Fire in the Sky". Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  • Ibanez, Jorge G.; Rodrigo Mayen-Mondragon and M. T. Moran-Moran (2005). "Laboratory Experiments on the Electrochemical Remediation of the Environment. Part 7: Microscale Production of Ozone". Journal of Chemical Education 82 (10): 1546. doi:10.1021/ed082p1546. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
  • Phillips, TJ; Bloudoff DP, Jenkins PL, Stroud KR. (1999 Nov-Dec). "Ozone emissions from a "personal air purifier".". J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. (6: 9): 594–601. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
  • "Ozone and Color Removal". Ozone Information. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
  • Hoigné, J. (1998). Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 5 part C. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 83–141.
  • "Oxidation Potential of Ozone". Ozone-Information.com. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
  • "Decontamination: Ozone scores on spores". Hospital Development. Wilmington Media Ltd.. 2007-04-01. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
  • a b c Montecalvo, Joseph; Doug Williams. "Application of Ozonation in Sanitizing Vegetable Process Washwaters" (PDF). California Polytechnic State University. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  • Steeves, Susan A. (January 30, 2003). "Ozone may provide environmentally safe protection for grains". Purdue News.
  • "Chemical Synthesis with Ozone". Ozone-Information.com. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
  • de Boer, Hero E. L.; Carla M. van Elzelingen-Dekker; Cora M. F. van Rheenen-Verberg; Lodewijk Spanjaard (2006). "Use of Gaseous Ozone for Eradication of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus From the Home Environment of a Colonized Hospital Employee". Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 27 (10): 1120–1122. doi:10.1086/507966. PMID 17006820.
  • Sjöström, Eero (1993). Wood Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.. ISBN 0126474818.
  • Su, Yu-Chang; Chen, Horng-Tsai (2001). "Enzone Bleaching Sequence and Color Reversion of Ozone-Bleached Pulps". Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 16 (2): 93–102.
  • Bollyky, L. J. (1977). Ozone Treatment of Cyanide-Bearing Wastes, EPA Report 600/2-77-104. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  • "The Unknown Truth Regarding Ozone!". Retrieved 2006-09-16.
  • EPA report on consumer ozone air purifiers
  • Long, Ron (2008). "POU Ozone Food Sanitation: A Viable Option for Consumers & the Food Service Industry" (pdf). (report also shows tapwater removes 99.95% of pathogens from lettuce; samples were first inoculated with pathogens before treatment)
  • Tersano Inc (2007). "lotus Sanitises Food without Chemicals". Retrieved 2007-02-11.
  • Jongen, W (2005). Improving the Safety of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables. Boca Raton: Woodhead Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1855739569.
  • "Alternative Disinfectants and Oxidant Guidance Manual" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2008-01-14. Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, A. (1997), Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.), Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN 0-7506-3365-4 Series in Plasma Physics: Non-Equilibrium Air Plasmas at Atmospheric Pressure. Edited by K.H. Becker, U. Kogelschatz, K.H. Schoenbach, R.J. Barker; Bristol and Philadelphia: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd; ISBN 0-7503-0962-8; 2005


16 Andries Pretorius Drive, Eastleigh
Edenvale, Gauteng, Johannesburg
South Africa - 1609